At present, there are at least five journals devoted to the field (Business Ethics Quarterly, Business Ethics: A European Review, Business & Society, Business & Society Review, Journal of Business Ethics), and work in business ethics appears in mainstream philosophy and social science journals as … SAGE Publication (2011). If the answer is no, then, according to Kant, the action is unethical. Kant saw business enterprises as moral communities which is further support to the view that employees and consumers should be treated with care and respected. D (2008). • An action is only truly moral if it is morally motivated. One of the positive outcomes from the first maxim is that it ensures a certain level of certainty when it comes to ethical decision making (Case, 1996). Kant’s second maxim proposes that every human being should be treated as an end and not as an instrument to meet an end (Ferrell & Fraedrich, 2010). Due to the current economic downturn, many companies are laying off their employees. His greatest concern was with the human community and with ways that the human community could live in peace. What are the implications of this formulation of the categorical imperative for business? Springer. For instance, businesses that commit themselves to the principle of consequentialism may encourage their employees to act as they wish as long as the essential outcome will be to the benefit of the organization. Bowie, N. E (1999). ( Log Out /  During this time, workers are looking at their employers to treat them with respect and reward them for their loyalty. No one would enter into a contract if he or she believed the other party had no intention of honoring it. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The paper presents the issues that are associated with the application of Kantian ethics to modern healthcare. If a maxim that permitted contract breaking were universalized, there could be no contracts (and contracts would cease to exist). If everyone were free to take from everyone else, then nothing could be owned. People get a chance to act, to take responsibility, rather than just doing their job. . For Kant, morality, to be genuine, must have an a priori foundation, and thus be objective and universally and necessarily valid. Deontology advises not to violate this rule. These companies were then able to attract investors and have done well. Join George and John as they discuss and debate different Philosophical ideas. Brenkert, G. G & Beauchamp, T. L (2009). To act from a good will is to act from duty. The Usefulness of Applying Kant’s Duty-Based Ethics in a Workplace. In interacting with others, we must not do anything to diminish or inhibit these uniquely human capacities. For example, it will be morally wrong to commit suicide because an individual is seen as using life as a mean to escape from experiencing further misery or hardship. Another advantage of applying this ethical theory is the emphasis given to the moral values of every person. No one is used as merely a means in a voluntary economic exchange where both parties benefit. – Virtue Ethics and Business Ethics For example, the airline industry offers first class, business class and economy class seats on many of their airplanes. Do your extreme financial circumstances justify a lying promise? However, most critics argue that in the real world, nothing is clear cut. ( Log Out /  Kantian ethical theory has been revived over the past thirty years, thanks to the work of John Rawls. It does not provide us with explanation of what happens when two absolutes clash. Some examples of issues in ethical business as well as CSR include harming the environment and ... responsibilities and obligations that go beyond the workplace (WBCSD, 2001). One has to decide whether it is possible to make an untruthful agreement when one is in a desperate situation into a universal law. Furthermore, without a certain autonomy given to the managers, an organization will cease to work efficiently. Therefore, these moral philosophies are inter-related. For example, a business may manufacture and sell substandard and unsafe products in their quest for more. At the moment, we're studying Kantian ethics. Both the action and principle must be coherent in order to be considered as ethically or morally wrong (Pfeiffer & Forsberg, 2004). In a business setting, any regulations and policies that are made by an organization should take into account the interest of every individual before they are implemented (Donaldson & Werhane, 2007). Having been influenced by Pufendorf, Kant agrees that each individual has the obligation to perform moral duties to oneself as well as to other people (Bowie, 1999). They are metaethics, normative ethics and applied ethics (Shaw & Barry, 2009). Sample Answer. Example: Positive freedom would endorse the practice known as open book management. So, one has to think whether the action of breaking contracts can be universalized. Critical Theory Ethics for Business and Public Administration. Thousand Oaks. It simply means that a set of rules that are made should treat every individual with respect and dignity. However, critics argue that Kant’s duty-based theory does not deal with conflicting situations (Donaldson & Werhane, 2007). There are three strategies that are suggested; virtue theories, duty theories and consequentialist theories (Brenkert & Beauchamp, 2009). Kantian Business Ethics. For a Kantian, meaningful work: o Is freely chosen and allows the exercise of autonomy on the jobo Supports the rationality of human beings; work that undermines rationality is immoralo Provides a salary sufficient to exercise independenceo Does not interfere with a worker’s moral development. Employees lay off during economic turmoil has bad consequences. Ferrell, O. Based on full article to be found at:http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/content/BPL_Images/Content_store/Sample_chapter/1405101024%5C001.pdf. Could a maxim which permitted stealing be universalized? Academic writing (Business, health, technology and education related topics), Ethical Theory and Its Application to Contemporary Business Practice, How to insulate your air mattress against the cold, Web 2.0 Platform: How YouTube has changed the way people communicate and collaborate, Suggested Marketing Plan for Telstra (A Telecommunication Company in Australia), The Effect of Culture on Health Outcomes in Australia, Friedman's Ten Flatteners and Their Influence on Asian Countries. KANTIAN ETHICS . Currently, the world is following three general moral philosophies. Russia had difficulties developing a stock market because company spokespersons would not provide accurate information about their companies. Firstly, an action can only be considered as ethically correct if it can be accepted or made into a universal law (Bowie, 1999). Managers, an organization as a moral relationship to all humans, it ’ s point this theory... 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