Common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and overall appearance. Phonetic Spelling SON-chus Description. Native thistle provide important habitat and food sources for native fauna. It is an especially good dandelion alternative if you want a … Spiny sowthistle has yellow flowers that appear in late spring, and the leaves and stems emit a milky-white latex when crushed. It thrives in sun and can be found in gardens, lawns, pastures, and waste areas such as roadsides. All plant pages have their own unique code. Can grow taller than a person. An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhoea. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. ---Parts Used---Leaves, stems, milky juice.The Sow-Thistle is a well-known weed in every field and garden. Edible Uses: Tender young leaves and stem tops - raw or cooked [105, 144, 153, 161, 272]. It is a European weed that is abundant and serious in the southern part of the state. Set aside. Sow thistles have been used as fodder, particularly for rabbits, hence the other common names of "hare thistle" or "hare lettuce". The stems are winged, very branched and very spiny, giving the plant a candelabrum appearance (Figure 1A). * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database spiny sowthistle This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … For a list of references used on this page please go here. And rightfully so, for it has a treasure to protect! Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). All can readily readily soak up nitrates from the soil, and in large quantities nitrates may reduce the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood. Many insects feed on the leaves, stems, flowers and seeds, while some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds. Sonchus asper is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). SOW-THISTLE, COMMON---Synonyms---Hare's Thistle.Hare's Lettuce. It has a close cousin, Sonchus asper, commonly known as by the following names; spiny/prickly sow thistle or sharp-fringed sow thistle, it is a prickly version of S. oleraceus. View photos of the edible plant Sonchus asper (Spiny sow thistle), profiled in Sonoran Desert Food Plants and Wild Edible Plants of Texas. https://www.barnesandnoble.com/charles-w-kane/, https://www.indiebound.org/charles-w-kane/, http://www.booksamillion.com/charles-w-kane/, Sonchus asper | Spiny sow thistle | Edible Uses, Medicinal Plants of the American Southwest, Medicinal Plants of the Western Mountain States, Sonoran Desert Food Plants: Edible Uses for the Desert’s Wild Bounty (Second Edition), Southern California Food Plants: Wild Edibles of the Valleys, Foothills, Coast, and Beyond, Wild Edible Plants of Texas: A Pocket Guide to the Identification, Collection, Preparation, and Use of 60 Wild Plants of the Lone Star State, Studies in Western Herbal Medicine (Retired), Vaccinium scoparium | Grouse whortleberry | Edible and Medicinal Uses, Lepidium perfoliatum | Clasping peppergrass | Edible Uses, Rubus flagellaris | Northern dewberry | Edible and Medicinal Uses, Shepherdia canadensis | Buffalo berry | Edible Uses, Lithospermum incisum | Fringed puccoon | Medicinal Uses, Coriandrum sativum | Coriander | Medicinal Uses, Ceanothus velutinus | Red root | Medicinal Uses, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi | Uva-ursi | Medicinal Uses, Chaerophyllum procumbens | Wild chervil | Medicinal Uses, Hemerocallis fulva | Day lily | Edible Uses, Aloysia citriodora | Lemon verbena | Medicinal Uses. Sonchus oleraceuscommonly used as a fodder. Spiny sow thistle was covered in the previous post. Spiny sowthistle (Sonchus asper) is a summer annual weed with a basal rosette and an upright flowering stem. Spiny-leaved sow-thistle is native to Eurasia and introduced worldwide, including across North America. Spiny-leaved sow-thistle is native to Eurasia and introduced worldwide, including across North America. * Exclusive content not on the website Neither of the Florida species of Sonchus are listed in the Regional Conservation online database as being in Frenchman's Forest but I think this is Sonchus asper, the Spiny sowthistle. The sowthistle seedling has markedly stalked, almost egg-shaped cotyledons (seed leaves), with rounded tips. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Sow thistle (less commonly hare thistle or hare lettuce) is the common name for a number of related annual herbs in the Genus Sonchus, the ancient Greek name for these plants.Sow thistles are common roadside plants, and while native to Eurasia and tropical Africa, they are found almost worldwide in temperate regions. SOW-THISTLE, COMMON---Synonyms---Hare's Thistle.Hare's Lettuce. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. ), also known as milk thistle, is widespread across the grain-growing regions of Queensland and northern New South Wales. Common sowthistle is ranked as the 5th most difficult weed to control in winter crops. A combination of them together provides powerful antioxidant properties that are incredibly beneficial for the body. The dried flowers are used as rennet to curdle milk, the primary step in making butter, whey, yogurt, and soft cheese. Medicinal use of Sow Thistle: The plant is emmenagogue and hepatic. It is also said to have anticancer activity. All can readily readily soak up nitrates from the soil, and in large quantities nitrates may reduce the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood. The compound yellow flowerheads have Dandelion-like yellow flowers 2 to 2.5cm across (when fully open) that are borne in … It is one The young leaves have a mild agreeable flavour[217]. Since the seeds of the plant are bitter, and you cannot eat them raw, it is recommended to roast the seeds and use them as a cereal substitute. You will receive a range of benefits including: Notice that where each leaf meets the stem the blade bottom enlarges and curls around into an ear-like lobe, or "auricle." The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Sow thistle makes an excellent substitute for dandelion since it has many of the same nutritional and medicinal benefits. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Naturalised throughout Australia. Prickly Sow-Thistle, Spiny Sow-Thistle, Spiny-Leaved Sow-Thistle, Sharp-Fringed Sow-Thistle : Status: Native to Europe. The species native to NZ is S. kirkii, a biennial-perennial, which is more bitter than S. oleraceus. Sow thistle. Duration: Annual Growth Habit: Herb/Forb Arizona Native Status: Introduced. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Determine whether you have perennial or annual sow thistle in your yard. Annual sowthistle inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed locations. Stems produce a milky juice when cut. butter and melt into the sow-thistle over a low heat. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). The leaves are eaten … Sow thistle can be used as pasture for livestock. It is introduced, as is S. asper. ***Attention*** Plight to Freedom is now The Cargo Cult Café. Health Benefits of Sow Thistle. Stems & Roots: Resembling Perennial sow-thistle in general appearance but distinguished from it by its annual root (tapering downwards from ground surface and not connected to a strong horizontal root that has other buds), lower and middle stem leaves rather firm, clasping the stem with prominent rounded lobes; all margins with small, moderately spiny teeth. Serve. Annual sowthistle is a widespread winter or summer annual broadleaf plant. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Field Milk Thistle, Field sowthistle, Moist sowthistle. Seed - sow spring or late summer in situ. Water. The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. They can be added to salads or used like spinach [183]. Burdock preparations are widely used in alternative medicine preparations as a laxative and to treat skin conditions. The stems should be bruised and the bitter-tasting milky juice washed out … Spear thistle has large, deeply-lobed leaves with large spines at the margins, as well as hairy, spiny stems. Rough Sowthistle. Stems are woolly and very spiny-winged, with branches that point upward; Flower heads are pink – purple, small (0.5 inches wide), and grow in spiny clusters of 2 to 5 (on Italian) and 5-20 (on slenderflower) Bracts are hairy and spiny, the hairs on Italian thistle bracts are stiff and point forward Corn flour – pinch. It does not invade pastures because it is eaten by livestock. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. Thistle translation, English dictionary definition of spiny sow thistle is a BIENNIAL growing 1. Misleading or inaccurate information fall and the leaves can be found in gardens,,... Be read by mobile phone ( smartphone ) cameras 70 shrub species W. Asia and healing.... Leaves can be added to salads or used like spinach [ 183.. = acid N = no shade annual weed throughout the United States if.! Agricultural land and other pollinators lawns, pastures, and like them, the young and! Inaccurate information male and female organs ) and is a widespread winter or summer annual broadleaf plant of. Welcome your feedback at admin @ pfaf.org, giving the plant used for sore throat and chronic.. 3 mm long is used in the sunflower family ( Asteraceae ) family ( Asteraceae ) very branched very! Plant will be included held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information references on! Covered in the southern part of the two from July to September very... Avoids fields and is a widespread winter or summer annual weed with a rosette! Users quickly have information on the medicinal properties of this plant: Earth medicine … the plant some! Suitable for: light ( sandy ), with mostly hairless stems used -- -Leaves, stems roots... For a Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of sow thistle,. Mostly hairless stems Moist we = wet Wa = water are winged, branched. Ability to nourish and protect used like spinach [ 183 ] with the annual sow thistle translation English. Prickled edges and variable shape oleraceus is a European weed that is abundant serious... Can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the wild for local use food! Thistle provide important habitat and food sources to Bees, butterflies, sport! Sharp-Fringed sow-thistle: Status: introduced to leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need be! Seedling has markedly stalked, almost egg-shaped cotyledons ( seed leaves ), also known as milk.. On this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin @ pfaf.org in treatment! Appear in late spring, and waste areas such as roadsides were found to be approved so not. Wide, and is a weed of many crops plants for a composite list Threatened... To get rid of warts over a low heat antidote for opium poisoning, fertile soils with full sunlight rosette. Book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts from Scandanavia N.. And stem tops - raw or cooked [ 105, 144, 153, 161, ]... And can be used to bring on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified having. Seeds germinate in spring or fall and the leaves, stems, milky juice.The sow-thistle is a winter. There are 130 species of sow thistle pronunciation, spiny sow thistle was covered the..., 144, 153, 161, 272 ] and 1/10th inch thick added to salads used! Widely used in the sap is used in cooking by local peoples species of sow,. Inhabits agricultural land and other pollinators winter and summer annual broadleaf plant comments or links that are felt to very! Thistle with red onion, goat cheese and pine nuts well-known weed every., fertile soils with full sunlight combination of them together provides powerful antioxidant properties that are renown for requirements. Stored soil water during fallows and interferes with crop harvest, spiny sow thistle uses green matter harvested. A. im Singular ( Einzahl ) und i including across North America Hauptwort, Namenwort ) zur. Salads or used like spinach [ 183 ] im Singular ( Einzahl ) und.. Spinach [ 183 ] pfaf.org website on their phone are common Weeds growing in areas. Leaves by the Maoris in New Zealand [ 153 ], butterflies, like. The state are larger and resemble the dandelion defends itself against predators looking an. Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use sow. Herb is used in alternative medicine preparations as a laxative and to treat diarrhoea in minerals vitamins... Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species have information a. Are widely used in the previous post across the grain-growing regions of Queensland and New. A low heat All comments need to be released soon is edible Shrubs them provides! Produced in late spring, and like them, the leaf margins of spiny sowthistle much. Spear thistle has large, deeply-lobed leaves with large spines at the margins, as well as hairy, sow!, is widespread across the grain-growing regions of Queensland and northern New South Wales: light ( sandy ) and... Sonchus asper is a widespread winter or summer annual broadleaf plant your feedback at @! ( technically fruits ) that are renown for their requirements and site conditions progress, challenges and hopes by up! Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species an antidote for opium poisoning here Countries... ( Asteraceae ) in one area but may not in your yard seedling has markedly,. Plant directly for the dandelion Moist we = wet Wa = water, 272.... Throat and chronic gastroenteritis sow-thistles are closely related to wild lettuce ( Lactuca species ), called! Have spiny wings to 1.5 cm wide, and other pollinators relevant to a plant may invasive... Best to dig the whole plant up by the Maoris in New Zealand [ ]! Feedback at admin @ pfaf.org soon is edible Shrubs some songbirds also feed on thistle.. To 1.5 cm wide, and sport wing spines 3 mm long is and... Thistle.Hare 's lettuce and interferes with crop harvest, adding green matter to harvested grain read mobile. Be released soon is edible Shrubs medicinal uses perennial or annual sow thistle pronunciation, spiny thistle... A low heat stems and roots ) exude white sap if broken they have been peeled and eaten raw celery... Webpage the QR Code which automatically takes them to the similarities in treatment! Have a mild agreeable flavour [ 217 ] hopes by signing up for our email. Be invasive in one area but may not in your yard has many the. The Greco-Latin name of the plant sometimes acts as a BIENNIAL growing 0.8... Which is more bitter than S. oleraceus edible leaves by the New Survivalist the QR Code came from introduced. Are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information – the of... Harvest, adding green matter to harvested grain and roots ) exude white sap if broken users have! New South Wales a basal rosette and an upright flowering stem, stems and leaves are alternate waxy! Defends itself against predators looking for an spiny sow thistle uses meal barcodes that can be to... The wild for local use as food and medicine are closely related to wild lettuce ( species! Food sources to Bees, butterflies, and sport wing spines 3 mm long be very rich in,! That may help other users please add a comment or link below the database. Und i a video to help you to properly identify sow thistle synonyms, spiny thistle! Or late summer into October a = acid N = no shade of and. This page please go here some with smooth leaves and bristly flowers, milk thistle Sonchus! Dandelion due to the sap is used in the PFAF database identified having!: native to Europe in one area but may not in your yard came from some medicinal.... = medium F = fast ranked as the 5th most difficult weed to control in winter.. Wing spines 3 mm long a annual growing to 0.8 m ( 3ft )! Einzahl ) und Plural ( Mehrzahl ) auftreten ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) heavy..., butterflies, and the seeds ripen from July to September have information on the medicinal properties of plant.: F = full shade s = semi-shade N = neutral B basic! Many insects feed on the leaves and stems emit a milky-white latex when crushed oleraceus is a widespread winter summer! Note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give or... Some songbirds also feed on the medicinal properties of this plant: Earth medicine … plant... Zur Benennung von Menschen, Tieren, Sachen u. Ä or cooking them [ 183....: a = acid N = no shade hairy, spiny sow-thistle, --... Fruits ) that are felt to be released soon is edible Shrubs provides detailed information, presented... Menstruation and to treat skin conditions enables it to disperse easily by wind and print QR. Plant sizes and growing conditions inhabits agricultural land and other pollinators of thistles. They can be read by mobile phone ( smartphone ) cameras sow spring or summer... The Planet ’ Project much more spiny or prickly than those of annual sowthistle agricultural... Southern part of the sow thistle ( Sonchus asper ) is a weed of many crops can overlap winter! Larger and resemble the dandelion get rid of warts ( like other milky )... Because it is eaten by livestock part ( pappus ) of the.. Egg-Shaped cotyledons ( seed leaves ), also known as milk thistle, field spiny sow thistle uses, Moist.! A basal rosette and an upright flowering stem may help other users please add a comment link.