Click the link below to visit Jim Knight's site describing what Instructional Coaching is and research supporting it! 4 Tips for Instructional Coaches. Accessibility – physical and intellectual, Instructional Coaching – The implications for professional learning development within schools. Unfortunately, as I am not able to attend the conference I thought I’d use some time to do some reading around the subject of coaching and instructional coaching. Additionally, create a sheet that is divided in ½ that describes what coaching is and what coaching is not, and discuss it at a faculty meeting. By Delia Racines. Despite the prevalence of coaching in schools and districts across the country, there is not a standard model or uniform definition of an instructional coach. DigitalVision Vectors/Getty and Laura Baker/Education Week. However, there is another benefit of coaching which can help leaders. They both learn as they work together on a common goal. Just this week, @DrSamSims wrote a very well-argued blogpost giving four reasons why instructional coaching is the most well-evidenced form of CPD, and which concludes that All schools that aspire to be evidence-based should be giving it (instructional coaching ) a go.. This seemed particularly sensible as Dr Sam Sims has recently described instructional coaching as the best evidenced form of CPD. Work through them together, just like we would want a coach and teacher to do. Those 6 ways are: Don’t give up on the coaching program because of some solvable issues. The focus was not just on instructional coaching but also involved a specific intervention to support students’ reading. 44. As part of a comprehensive professional development model, 71 middle school (grades 6–8) science, social studies, and language arts teachers were assigned to an instructional coach to support their required use of a multicomponent reading comprehension approach, Collaborative Strategic Reading. Coaching Gone WrongI’ve had the opportunity to see impactful coaching programs in place where coaches either have the full day to work with teachers or one period at a time because they have other teaching duties. During COVID-19, our conversations focus on the learning loss of students. This content is provided by our sponsor. According to this article by Knight there are 6 ways that leaders can support coaches. Creative Commons photo courtesy of the LincolnGroup. The rhetoric has not been good, and as a principal I stood up against that (and by the way, read this article on how doctors do have coaches). However, what happens is that the principal tells the coach that they should work with a specific teacher, without ever telling the teacher first. Not every coaching space is identical in size and shape. Remember, coaches empower and not enable. Using instructional coaching, the instructor focuses on goals and implementation of strategies that work for them. Student-centered or teacher-centered methods of coaching are strategically selected based on individual teacher needs and readiness. Instructional LeadershipIn these days when principals are moving out of the role of manager and moving toward the role of instructional or collaborative leader, it’s important that they understand the nuances of coaching and how to help support the relationship between coaches and teachers. Asking more from students, research shows, makes them care more about their work. ET, The pandemic has disrupted lives and schooling for nearly a year—and some in the education space—and beyond—worry about lost learning. Yet, she knew she wanted to be one. Third, when implementing an intervention it may be necessary to provide both a range of types of professional development to and a choice types of professional development. Results highlight the patterns and complexities of the coaching process for 20% of the teachers in our sample who were categorized as resistant to coaching, suggesting that the one-on-one model of coaching offered in this study may not be the best fit for all teachers. If instructional coaching is implemented as a support system for teacher growth and not an opportunity to spotlight professional deficits, teachers may just give the idea a chance to develop and succeed. Instructional coaching has the impact that it does because of its specificity and incremental nature. Understanding Teacher Resistance to Instructional Coaching. On Thursday 15th November 2018 the Teacher Development Trust will host a one-day coaching conference, which will explore how coaching could/can be used to drive school performance. Sometimes, we have wanted to help students so much that we ended up enabling them. 3. Gary’s new book Evidence-Based School Leadership and Management: A practical guide has recently been published by SAGE. In this model, setting goals and building relationships are the central idea. Professional Development in Education. Coaches have the opportunity to help teachers see their blind spots, and high quality coaches can help teachers have a larger impact on student learning through using high impact teaching strategies (Knight). The research was accessed by directly contacting the lead author (thank you, Jennifer Jacobs). Eric Sandberg is an instructional coach employed by a district in Erie, Pennsylvania. The administrative team alone should not shoulder the burden of coaching; rather, they should model for all teachers how to engage in meaningful dialogue with one another. Coaches can address concerns about classroom management, content knowledge, or instructional design by discussing how these pedagogies affect students' ability to learn. Perhaps they were left out of the communication chain by central office or they believe that the coach is supposed to be told who to work with, but many times the teacher is caught off guard. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff. Instructional Coaching provides intensive, differentiated support to teachers so that they are able to implement proven practices. Instructional coaching is not about what’s wrong, but what’s next. An essential function of an Instructional Coach is to observe and assess current teachers in the classroom to ascertain the need for improved lesson plans and materials. Surprisingly one to one interviews were not conducted with teachers/coaches and reliance is placed on coaches perceptions – classified by the researchers – of teachers of resistance to coaching. The tips below outline the thought process a coach should engage in when setting up their coaching space. Lower Third: Andrea Culver But it provides me with a glimpse into the teacher’s mind. The focus was not just on instructional coaching but also involved a specific intervention to support students’ reading. What Is an Instructional coach? 3 Reasons Instructional Coaching May Not Be Working, read this article on how doctors do have coaches, Here Are 3 Top SEL Strategies That Can Help Improve Student Engagement Right Now, Why Asking the Teacher Isn’t Always the Best Course of Action, School Employees May Get Early COVID-19 Vaccinations. The TDT Associate Qualification in CPD Leadership, Evidence-Based School Leadership and Management, https://www.garyrjones.com/blog/2018/10/10/how-can-we-trust-research, http://www.cem.org/blog/how-can-we-trust-research/, Teaching Leadership Mini Summits Report, October 2020, #CPDConnectUp Finding Time for Strategic Thinking During COVID-19, 8th December 2020, Further falls in CPD Spending: 5 things to know, Offer a definition of instructional coaching. Instructional Coaching. The research is consistent with other research, suggesting that not all teachers respond positively to coaching. First, it reinforces the notion that it is necessary to be judicious about claims made about the effectiveness of instructional coaching. There are times when coaches so want to help teachers that they end up enabling instead of empowering them. Here are three ways to help engage students right now. A coaching relationship is the same as any other relationship. The paper is written in a manner which makes it accessible to teachers. The research was published in a peer-reviewed journal – Professional Development in Education. The research paper sits behind a paywall. Research provides strong support for the promise of coaching, or job embedded professional development, particularly on improving teachers’ classroom instruction. We’re thrilled to announce the launch of the all new EdWeek.org. A former K-5 public school principal turned author, presenter, and independent consultant, DeWitt provides insights and advice for education leaders. The research is not directly applicable to schools in England, other than it raises questions about the potential over-reliance of a ‘one-size’ fits all approach to both instructional coaching and teacher professional development. This happens for a variety of reasons. Use the coach as a resource and not as a compliance officer. Outside the Coaching Space. In this study, we sought to better understand the factors that influence responsiveness to coaching, focusing in particular on teachers who appeared the least receptive to collaborating with a coach to support the implementation of a new practice. Yes, I understand that leaders should be providing effective feedback, but with a good coach we can at least see that teachers will get some sort of feedback around a co-constructed goal. An instructional coach can oversee the implementation of new learning management or student data systems, as well as help with training and coaching for staff on how to use those systems. Typically, the other person will answer about the work that is top of mind to them right now. Interview #2: Eric Sandberg. Instructional Coaching. Although the optimum solution is to use the school's operating funds to ensure that coaching is an integral part of the school's improvement plan, initially that might not be the case. August 23, 2019. asiseeit / iStock. Instructional coaching can be transformative—but only in an environment of trust and clearly articulated expectations, says a veteran school coach. Coaching should never be based on a deficit model, but on building from teacher strengths. 2. Rather, the process is a demonstration of excellent current coaching practice, similar in that regard to the National Board Certification process for teachers. The court declined to take up an appeal backed by school groups of a ruling allowing some property taxpayers challenge their assessments in federal court. Many leaders focus instructional coaching on the state-level teacher evaluation instrument. Compassion is often seen as a weakness, but schools should offer as much compassion as possible, and not just to students. 5. Coaching Is Coaching is Not; Building enthusiasm: Monitoring work - looking over shoulders: Being real, authentic: Hiding behind a shield of position or power: Allowing mistakes: Punishing others for mistakes: Valuing each Staff Member's contribution: Valuing position hierarchy: Trusting and respecting team members: Being suspicious of people The bottom line is this: educator-centered instructional coaching is not cost free. An instructional coach is there to support teachers and provide personalized professional development, job coaching, and work as a resource to support teachers. Additionally, if coaches are going to look for resources for the teacher, both parties should agree that the teacher finds two and the coach finds two and then meet up to discuss. For the last 2 years I have been working with Jim Knight as an instructional coaching trainer around North America. The practice of using instructional coaches is a relatively recent practice, but it is one that is becoming widely used across the nation. The same can be said for coaches. Instructional coaching is one of the evidence-informed methods that feeds in to our Expert Middle Leaders programme. To say I respect coaching, and training coaches, would be an understatement. (2018) who undertook a research investigation to understand teacher resistance to instructional coaching. 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